Powerful West African groups used these marriages as an alliance used to strengthen their trade networks with European men by marrying off African women from families with ties to the slave trade. University of Wisconsin Press, It also involved the supply of grains, tools and manufactured foods to plantations in the West Indies and North America for the consumption of slaves North Market production of agricultural commodities to meet the limited needs of the slave ships for foodstuffs was stimulated, their populations expanded as the coastal traders retained some of the captives for their business needs and for the production of their subsistence products, and so on.
Like in Mexico, slaves traveled with the conquistadors of Peru. History Effect of the Slave Trade… Before Europeans came, Africans had diverse ways of life under different kinds of governments.
Although the Spanish settled on the eastern part of the island, they focused their attention on their more prosperous colonies in other parts of the Americas.
Africans also worked in silver, gold, copper, and bronze. At one extreme, the kings of Dahomey routinely slaughtered slaves in hundreds or thousands in sacrificial rituals, and slaves as human sacrifices were also known in Cameroon. Cambridge University Press,Some Dutch, English, and French traders also participated in the slave trade.
Roberton and Martin A. However minimal the contribution of the trade in slaves was, its contribution to this international transatlantic trade as described cannot be downplayed and was a major contributor to the whole since, apart from slaves being bought and sold as a commodity for profit, their labor in the plantations was essential for the production of raw material benefiting the European industry Eltis A vast amount of labor was needed in the creation and sustenance of plantations as they required intense labor to grow tropical crops, harvest and process them.
However, as time wore on, and as the rich plantation owners and working class colonists fought amongst themselves over their relationship and privileges with France, the slaves, who outnumbered the free population more than 10 to 1, began to organize.
Klein have shown that in Monbassa and in the Upper Zaire, female slaves used to do as much work as free women. Brazil is actually named for its first primary sector export: These colonists of the New World sought to exploit these lands for export of produce from the New World to Europe among other resources for capital profit.
Cambridge University Press,; Caribbean Slaves embarked from Africa: Europe in the Eighteenth Century: However, even these kingdoms were hurt in the long term. The Portuguese, whose navigation system was better than those of any European empire of the s, traded in African gold, ivory, gum, hide, wax, and slaves, which the Arabs had dominated for centuries.
Overall, the conditions created by the large-scale European demand for captives over a period of more than three hundred years severely retarded the long term process of socio- 9 economic development in western Africa. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources.
Slaves were also put to work in the sugarcane and rice fields of Mexico, along the coast of Veracruz. The importation into Jamaica from to was5 and it has been estimated that the total import of slaves into all the British colonies between and was over two million. It is argued that the population of western Africa actually declined by 2 million between and They claim no reward for their services except food and clothing, and are treated with kindness or severity, according to the good or bad disposition of their masters In order to present the big picture to students, we should compare the slave trade and slavery across the region as a whole.
In return, the Africans received products such as guns, liquor, beads, mirrors and some slaves. Thornton, Europeans usually bought enslaved people who were captured in endemic warfare between African states.
The Spanish colonies where sugar or mining were king employed considerable slave labor: The numbers were significantly smaller than in Brazil and Haiti, however, with a slave population of only 16, in all of Mexico in the midth century.
Fewer women were captured and sold because they were required to take on the burden of rebuilding their destroyed families and communities. Yet Europeans benefited from the Atlantic trade the most, since the commerce allowed them to amass the raw materials that fed their Industrial Revolution at the detriment of African societies whose peace and capacity to transform their modes of production into a viable entrepreneurial economy was severely halted.
As they explored and traded in West Africa, the Portuguese learned that money could be made by transporting slaves along the Atlantic coast to Muslim merchants. The triangular trade brought back indigo dyes from Africa, as well, heavily depended upon by the Portuguese North Page 38  Christopher R.
The economic impact of the Atlantic slave trade on Africa varied according to time and geographic context. Although the Civil Rights Act abolished Jim Crow laws inAfrican Americans are even now subject to discrimination in areas of housing, education, and criminal justice, which can perpetuate a cycle of poverty and can break up families.
Because they were disrupted, they were less able to progress. The Atlantic slave trade had considerable impacts on both the Americas and Africa.
Some of these impacts were felt in the short term while others were more long-term. The long-term effects can be. Ch. 20 Section 3 study guide by TheRealBen7 includes 18 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. The slave trade had many effects on Africa.
Most of them were, of course, negative, though we can argue that the slave trade was beneficial for some African states in the short term.
Ch. 20 Section 3 study guide by TheRealBen7 includes 18 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.
Socially, the biggest impact the Trans-Atlantic slave trade had on West Africa was a decrease in their population. Statistics, gathered from Western Civilization: A Brief History (pg), state that the Trans-Atlantic slave trade was responsible for the forced migration of.
Socially, the biggest impact the Trans-Atlantic slave trade had on West Africa was a decrease in their population.
Statistics, gathered from Western Civilization: A Brief History (pg), state that the Trans-Atlantic slave trade was responsible for the forced migration of .The long term impact of the atlantic slave trade on social divisions in the americas